Fraud. Fraud is a term that describes a false representation or allegation, either through conduct or words, that are considered false or dishonest. It also describes an instance where a party conceals something that should be disclosed to another party, with the intention to deceive others who may need to know about such information.
So, we should know that it is natural to assume that various types of fraud crimes exist. Therefore, in Part 2 of our look at fraud crimes, we are going to review several different types of fraud crimes.
Fraud Crimes: What You Should Know ~ Types of Fraud Crimes
As mentioned in our last part, fraud crimes deceive. No one wants to experience a fraud crime. Given the nature of certain markets, such as the online market, far too many people find themselves at the other end of a fraud crime.
Fortunately, fraud crimes are punishable by law. They are punished as a felony or misdemeanor, typically depending on the value of the stolen property and/or the nature of the crime itself.
Here is a look at the different types of fraud crimes:
Identity theft is popular in an age where people commonly handle sensitive information online. Scammers who commit identity theft fraud steal personal information, such as Social Security numbers, names, addresses and phone numbers.
Notably, they are known for taking financial information – bank account and credit card numbers – from unsuspecting victims.
‘Pigeon Drop’ Schemes
This scheme involves a scammer tricking a victim (known as a pigeon) into giving them their money in order to win a larger sum of money.
It starts with the scammer telling the pigeon – the victim – that they have won a large amount of money, usually through a contest. In order to ‘receive’ that money, the scammer then tells the pigeon that they need them to ‘pay an entry fee’ in order to prove to the game operators that they (the scammer) would pay up if they had lost. Finally procuring the money would allow the scammer to ‘split’ the winnings with the pigeon.
Once the pigeon loans them the money, however, the scammer takes the money and disappears.
Ponzi schemes exploit people who want to make money through investments. It involves scammers promising ‘safe and large returns’ to those who commit to their investment scheme.
This scheme relies heavily on recruiting people to participate in the scheme—otherwise known as an investment. The person at the helm of the scheme (the scammer) often pockets what they earn (from investors) and uses a small portion of that money to keep early adopters satisfied. Once new investors part with their invested money, they rarely see it again.
This illegal scheme involves using mail to ‘hook’ unsuspecting victims into participating into fairly ‘innocuous’ schemes that are actually fraudulent in nature.
Due to the nature of mail fraud schemes, mail correspondence in the United States is fairly regulated (in accordance with the Constitution) to prevent mail schemes from flourishing throughout the country.